A loop is a bright that forms at least a half circle. Bringing
the end parts near each other forms a closed loop; leaving them apart
makes an open one, (open loop).
When the ends of a loop are crossed, the rope is said to have
taken a turn. If the end is passed over the standing part, it is an overhand
turn, and if passed under the standing part, it is an underhand turn.
When either end of a turn is put back through the loop, in an
over-and-under sequence, the turn becomes a so-called overhand knot-which
seamen do not regard as a proper knot but use, nonetheless, as a building block
in making other knots.
An eye is a loop made in a rope end and secured either by
knotting or by the more permanent means of seizing or splicing, (as here).
When a rope used in conjunction with another object, such as a
spar or bollard, goes part way around the object, the rope is said to have taken
a turn. If it goes completely around the object to form a closed loop,
the rope makes a round turn. Two round turns are formed by passing
the rope three times over the object to form two closed loops.
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